NIL College Rules

Database of state laws that govern NIL rules allowing college athletes to monetize their name, image and likeness while maintaining eligibility.

State

Monetization Allowed

Governing Rule

Current Rule(s)

Alabama

Monetization allowed: Yes

In February 2022, Alabama Gov. Kay Ivey signed into law a bill that repealed the state's NIL legislation that Ivey had signed in April 2021.

Alaska

Monetization allowed: Yes

Alaska is one of a handful of states that's without proposed NIL legislation, much less an enacted law.

Arizona

Monetization allowed: Yes

SB1296

In March 2021, Arizona Gov. Doug Ducey signed into law Senate Bill 1296, which allows athletes to earn compensation from their NIL and prevents schools from denying or revoking a scholarship based on an athlete earning NIL compensation.

Arkansas

Monetization allowed: Yes

HB1671

Arkansas House Bill 1671 established the Arkansas Student-Athlete Publicity Rights Act. Athletes are prohibited from earning compensation related to products or industries including adult entertainment, alcohol, casinos and gambling. The act allows for civil remedies if there's a violation.

California

Monetization allowed: Yes

SB206

California Senate Bill 206 was passed in September 2019, starting a domino effect of states that passed NIL laws that took effect sooner than SB206's original implementation date of Jan. 1, 2023.

Colorado

Monetization allowed: Yes

SB20-123

Colorado Senate Bill 20-123 has passed but won't take effect until Jan. 1, 2023. The state law says anyone providing legal representation must be a licensed attorney. Institutions will be able to hold on-campus interviews for athletes and prospective agents.

Connecticut

Monetization allowed: Yes

HB6402

Connecticut requires universities to adopt policies for athletes to disclose a copy of each NIL contract or agent contract, as well as to identify prohibited industries for endorsements. On July 1, 2022, a new law — Senate Bill 20 — took effect, removing the prohibition on athletes using institutional marks, such as names, logos and mascots. However, schools aren't required to allow athletes to use these marks.

Delaware

Monetization allowed: Yes

There is no state legislation regarding NIL in Delaware.

District Of Columbia

Monetization allowed: Yes

B24-0456

In November 2021, Councilmember Phil Mendelson introduced a council bill regarding NIL. As of June 2022, it has only progressed 25 percent of the way through the legislative process. Institutions would be allowed to help athletes determine if an NIL activity is permissible, with disclosure, and in providing a "good-faith evaluation" of an agent or third party.

Florida

Monetization allowed: Yes

S0646

The passage of Senate Bill 646, which took effect July 1, 2021, helped prompt the NCAA to announce its interim NIL policy that took effect the same day. One clause says an institution, its employees and an entity that benefits the institution cannot "cause compensation to be directed to" a current or prospective athlete. Two bills were introduced to remove this prohibition but they died in subcommittees in March 2022.

Georgia

Monetization allowed: Yes

HB617

Georgia state law uniquely allows for team contracts that provide a pooling arrangement where athletes can't be required to contribute more than 75 percent of their NIL earnings to be shared with previously enrolled athletes at their school. No schools, however, have acted upon this clause.

Hawaii

Monetization allowed: Yes

Hawaii hasn't passed any NIL legislation. House Bill 1681 was introduced in 2020 with a proposed effective date of Jan. 1, 2021 but it died in committee. Another bill was introduced in March 2020 but it also died in committee.

Idaho

Monetization allowed: Yes

Lawmakers in Idaho haven't passed any legislation regarding NIL.

Illinois

Monetization allowed: Yes

SB2338

In May, Illinois House Bill 1175 amended the Student-Athlete Endorsement Rights Act by allowing institutions to arrange for a third party to provide compensation to athletes. While NCAA rules prevent pay-for-play and inducements to attend a specific school, Illinois' latest amendment removed a prohibition of conditional compensation on attendance at a particular school.

Indiana

Monetization allowed: Yes

There isn't any state legislation regarding NIL in Indiana, which is home to the NCAA's headquarters.

Iowa

Monetization allowed: Yes

A bipartisan bill that was introduced in February 2021 died in chamber.

Kansas

Monetization allowed: Yes

Kansas House Bill 2264 died in May 2022.

Kentucky

Monetization allowed: Yes

SB6

In March 2022, Kentucky Gov. Andy Beshear signed Senate Bill 6, which turns an executive order he signed in 2021 into law. The law says an entity or individual can't promise compensation for NIL to induce an athlete to enroll at a school in the state. It also says an institution can't "direct compensation to be given" for the use of an athlete's NIL.

Louisiana

Monetization allowed: Yes

SB 60

Louisiana Gov. John Bel Edwards signed SB 60 into law in June. The revised NIL legislation allows coaches and school personnel in Louisiana to facilitate deals for its student-athletes. The law includes a provision that NIL contracts between companies and athletes that are shared with the school shall remain private and confidential.

Maine

Monetization allowed: Yes

SP 663

Maine Gov. Janet Mills signed Legislative Document 1893 into law on March 31, 2022. The bill covers the same characteristics as most other state laws and went into effect immediately following Mills' signature. The law stipulates a student-athlete may not be considered an employee of a university based on the student's participation in athletics.

Maryland

Monetization allowed: Yes

HB 125

Titled the “Jordan McNair Safe and Fair Play Act,” Maryland's NIL law includes health and safety requirements along with rights of publicity into one act. The bill is effective until July 1, 2023. Unrestrictive compared to other states, Maryland institutions are given the freedom to create their own policies.

Massachusetts

Monetization allowed: Yes

For the second-straight legislative session, a NIL bill has been introduced to the Massachusetts State Legislature. As of July 1, there has been no new movement. The proposed Massachusetts Senate Bill 2813 is standard compared to other state laws. Institutions in the Bay State currently follow the NCAA's interim policy.

Michigan

Monetization allowed: Yes

HB 5217

The law is not set to impact student-athletes until Dec. 31, 2022. Yet, it is still making a difference as institutions are allowed and have already enacted NIL policies for their athletes. The bill itself was first introduced to state legislators in Dec. 2020.

Minnesota

Monetization allowed: Yes

Minnesota HB 3329 has been introduced, but the NCAA's interim policy acts as the current regulation in the state.

Mississippi

Monetization allowed: Yes

SB 2313

Mississippi does not allow athletes to appear with their team’s logo or uniform unless they have received written permission to do so. There are bans on NIL deals within certain industries, like gambling. The state took another step in April 2022 with the passage of Senate Bill 2690, allowing schools to be involved in athletes’ deal conversations.

Missouri

Monetization allowed: Yes

SB 718

Missouri chose to sit on the sidelines and see how things shuffled out. In June 2022, the state passed NIL legislation. The bill allows schools to have a more active role in NIL activities. The new law allows coaches and school personnel to assist in opportunities. This law takes effect Aug. 28, 2022.

Montana

Monetization allowed: Yes

SB 0299

Montana also took the slow approach with the law not taking effect until June 1, 2023. Still, universities in the state have been allowed to enact their own policies. The most notable piece of the Montana bill allows for schools to serve as an agent for the student-athlete.

Nebraska

Monetization allowed: Yes

Legislative Bill 962

Nebraska was the fourth state to enact NIL legislation, yet the effective date is still a year away. The bill does not become law until July 1, 2023. On top of that, there is an opt-in policy written into the legislation, allowing universities to adopt NCAA policy or recognize the state law early. While Creighton applied the law on day one of NIL, Nebraska is waiting out and abiding by its own NIL policy until 2023.

Nevada

Monetization allowed: Yes

Assembly Bill 254

Enacted in time for July 1, 2021, Nevada's NIL legislation is one of the least restrictive. Other than allowing its institutions to create its own policies, the bill prohibits NIL contracts from violating any contract signed between the school and student-athlete.

New Hampshire

Monetization allowed: Yes

New Hampshire House Bill 1505 was introduced to legislators in June of 2020. There has been no push to enact a state law. The NCAA's interim policy is currently in effect in the Granite State.

New Jersey

Monetization allowed: Yes

Senate Bill 971

The New Jersey Fair Play Act was one of the first pieces of NIL legislation to be enacted, but the state has set their effective date later than any other. Not set to be put into action until Aug. 1, 2025, there is traction gaining around AB 2322 which could impact the NIL front, specifically in regard to income tax. If this was enacted, it would be effective immediately.

New Mexico

Monetization allowed: Yes

Senate Bill 94

Put into effect on July 1, 2021, there is not much that sets New Mexico's NIL legislation apart from others. But there is one unique clause. A school cannot prohibit or discourage a student-athlete from wearing the footwear of their choice during official team activities, including games and practices. This opens the possibility for NIL-related apparel deals which are largely restricted in other states.

New York

Monetization allowed: Yes

New York’s “Collegiate Athletic Participation Compensation Act” recently passed through both chambers and is moving toward enactment. But the discussion portion of the bill, assembly leaders misrepresented what the NCAA’s latest guidance says about collectives. One representative even went as far to say this bill would ban collectives, which would seemingly put universities at a significant disadvantage.

North Carolina

Monetization allowed: Yes

Executive Order

The Governor of North Carolina issued an Executive Order, which was enacted on July 2, 2021. With pressure from institutions and major players to make a move, the order leaves much of the decision making on facilitation of deals and trademarks to schools in their policies.

North Dakota

Monetization allowed: Yes

North Dakota is one of a handful of states that's without proposed NIL legislation, much less an enacted law. High school athletes in the state are allowed to monetize their NIL, though.

Ohio

Monetization allowed: Yes

Executive Order

Another Executive Order situation, the Ohio Governor enacted his in time for July 1, 2021. Ohio State University officials played a major role in pushing this through, especially since a bill was held up at the legislative level. The order places a lot of value on a school's individual policy.

Oklahoma

Monetization allowed: Yes

Senate Bill 48

Very similar to Nebraska's law, Oklahoma has an opt-in policy. All schools in the state must adopt this by July 1, 2023. The bill provides a strict prohibition from engaging in activities using school logos, involving sports wagering or banned substances, or with supporting entities of the university.

Oregon

Monetization allowed: Yes

Senate Bill 5

Senate Bill 5 serves as the state of Oregon's general NIL legislation. The state opted to put the discretion to the schools to create policies of their own. But Senate Bill 1505, which went into effect on July 1, 2022, requires the for-profit producers of jerseys, video games and trading cards to pay royalties to athletes for the use of their NIL.

Pennsylvania

Monetization allowed: Yes

Senate Bill 381

Under SB 381, athletes must disclose any potential NIL deals “at least seven days prior to execution of the contract to an official of the institution of higher education, who is designated by the institution of higher education.” Athletes are also banned from promoting alcohol, adult entertainment, tobacco and controlled substances.

Rhode Island

Monetization allowed: Yes

One of several New England states without NIL legislation in place, House Bill 6673 looks to change that. The Rhode Island House passed it on June 1, 2022. If enacted, it would not be put into effect until Jan. 1, 2023. The bill prohibits use of school marks or vice industry endorsements.

South Carolina

Monetization allowed: Yes

After enacting an extremely restrictive bill, a year later South Carolina legislators are now going to look over it again. Included in the state's 2022-23 fiscal year budget was a provision to suspend the state’s NIL law.

South Dakota

Monetization allowed: Yes

South Dakota is one of a handful of states that's without proposed NIL legislation. The NCAA's interim NIL policy is the law of the land.

Tennessee

Monetization allowed: Yes

Senate Bill 2392

Gov. Bill Lee signed an amendment to Tennessee’s NIL legislation in April. The amendment rewrote the original bill, making several noteworthy changes. Collectives can work with college coaches and athletic officials. The new law removes the institutional involvement prohibition and allows athletic department employees to become part of the NIL process. Collective are also allowed to participate in the recruiting process.

Texas

Monetization allowed: Yes

Senate Bill 1385

One of the most restrictive state laws in the nation, Texas included provisions within their act to prevent student-athletes from using school logos, among others. There's been plenty of frustrations shared, and the Texas legislative cycle inhibits any major amendment activity unless a special session were to be called.

Utah

Monetization allowed: Yes

The NCAA's interim policy and updated guidelines are the current regulations in place for the state. Utah joins a handful of states without proposed NIL legislation.

Vermont

Monetization allowed: Yes

S.328 was introduced and read to the Vermont state senate in January 2020. Since then it has sat in the Committee on Education. The state is using the NCAA's interim NIL policy as its current regulation.

Virginia

Monetization allowed: Yes

Senate Bill 223

Virginia became the 30th state to enact an NIL law with Senate Bill 223. At the same time when signing the bill into law, the Virginia Governor also struck down a house bill that would have allowed high school athletes to monetize their NIL.

Washington

Monetization allowed: Yes

Senate Bill 5942 is currently sitting in the Washington State chambers. Despite following many of the qualities of common NIL laws, there has been no recent movement surrounding the bill.

West Virginia

Monetization allowed: Yes

West Virginia House Bill 2583 was introduced on Feb. 17, 2021. From there the legislation was referred to West Virginia's Committee on Education. For now, universities in the state abide by the NCAA's interim NIL policy.

Wisconsin

Monetization allowed: Yes

No bill has been proposed but state politicians have been actively discussing introducing language on NIL.

Wyoming

Monetization allowed: Yes

Wyoming is one of 10 states that have not introduced NIL legislation.